Check out these references to learn more about the content featured in our next issue: Operation Environment!

Raising Climate Literacy by Kerstyn Lutz

Buchholz, K. (2020, July). 2020 is predicted to be the hottest year on record, according to NASA. Retrieved November 05, 2020, from https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/07/earth-climate-change-nasa/

NOAA Climate. (2009). What is Climate Science Literacy? Retrieved November 05, 2020, from https://www.climate.gov/teaching/essential-principles-climate-literacy/whatclimate-science-literacy

UNESCO. (2018, December 10). Climate Change Education and Awareness. Retrieved November 05, 2020, from https://en.unesco.org/themes/addressing-climate-change/climate-change-education-and-awareness

Otto, I. M., Donges, J. F., Cremades, R., Bhowmik, A., Hewitt, R. J., Lucht, W., … & Lenferna, A. (2020). Social tipping dynamics for stabilizing Earth’s climate by 2050. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 117(5), 2354-2365.

Youra, S. (2020, May 19). Climate Literacy Fosters Effective Climate Action. Retrieved November 05, 2020, from https://medium.com/climate-conscious/climate-literacy-fosters-effective-climate-action-3f5d2448ac5b

Below2C. (2019, August 23). Helping Kids Prepare for A Climate Constrained Future. Retrieved November 05, 2020, from https://below2c.org/2019/08/helping-kids-preparefor-a-climate-constrained-future/

Dunkley, R. (2020, October 01). A climate change curriculum to empower the climate strike generation. Retrieved November 05, 2020, from https://theconversation.com/aclimate-change-curriculum-to-empower-the-climate-strike-generation-122841

Hawken, P. (2018). Drawdown: The most comprehensive plan ever proposed to roll back global warming. London: Penguin Books.


COVID – 19 Is Helping Birds Regain Their Population by Drishti Gupta

Keeping Cats Safe and Saving Bird Lives





Apathy Personified by Natasha Pinto

10 Things You Can Do to Save the Ocean. (2019, May 29). Retrieved June 29, 2020, from https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/oceans/take-action/10-things-you-can do-to-save-the-ocean/

Bear’s Food and Diet. (2018, November 22). Retrieved June 29, 2020, from http://www.bearsmart.com/about-bears/food-diet/

Dip ‘n Dive. (2018, March 14). 10 Amazing Organizations Fighting to Save Our Oceans. Retrieved June 29, 2020, from https://dipndive.com/blog/10-amazing-organizations-fighting-to-save-our-oceans/

Eagle Diet & Feeding. (n.d.). Retrieved June 29, 2020, from https://www.nationaleaglecenter.org/eagle-diet-feeding/

Forget reclamation – can floating islands solve land shortage? (2018, July 20). Retrieved June 29, 2020, from https://www.scmp.com/news/world/europe/article/2102321/reclamation-alternative-dutch -researchers-say-floating-islands

Getty), ((2019, March 19). Sharks’ fins are cut while still alive in sick trade that could wipe species out. Retrieved June 29, 2020, from https://www.mirror.co.uk/news/world-news/sharks-fins-cut-still-alive-14159841

Greentumble. (2019, September 02). Salmon’s Journey Through the Food Web. Retrieved June 29, 2020, from https://greentumble.com/feed-the-tree-salmons-journey-through-the-food-web/

How Do We Know the Climate Is Changing? (2020, June 18). Retrieved June 29, 2020, from https://climatekids.nasa.gov/climate-change-evidence/

International Seminar on Nuclear War and Planetary Emergencies. (n.d.). Retrieved June 29, 2020, from https://books.google.com.sa/books?id=slVhDQAAQBAJ

Mohamed, A. F. (2017, April 25). Consider habitats of marine animals in reclamation projects. Retrieved June 29, 2020, from https://www.foe-malaysia.org/consider_habitats_of_marine_animals_in_reclamation_pro jects

Provider, C. (2014, December 10). Depleting Salmon Population – Causes & Recovery Process. Retrieved June 29, 2020, from http://worldwideaquaculture.com/depleting-salmon-population-causes-recovery-process/

Salmon in the Food Web. (n.d.). Retrieved June 29, 2020, from https://www.scienceworld.ca/resource/salmon-food-web/

Why Plastic Is a Problem for Marine Life. (2018, July 30). Retrieved June 29, 2020, from https://mission.cmaquarium.org/news/plastic-problem-inside-sea-turtles/


Partner Profiles by Alexandra Scaman






Earth Rangers







Sierra Club BC Home




Learning on Stolen Land by Lora Yurdakul






Interview with Dr. Diana Lewis

Interview with Dr. Brent Debassige


Widening Our Lens by Lora Yurdakul



An F in the Environment: Room for Improvement by Anuj Dogra

How much energy do school facilities use?

School Energy Consumption Calculator











Dire Disconnect by John Kennedy

COVID-19 Update from the OUAC and Ontario’s Universities. (n.d.). Ontario Universities’ Application Centre. Retrieved November 4, 2020, from https://www.ouac.on.ca/news/important-covid-19-update/

Dr. Brennan Vogel. (2020, October 29). Alternatives Journal—Online Education Interview 1 [Video Call].

Dr. Paul Mensink. (2020, November 2). Alternatives Journal—Online Education Interview 2 [Video Call].

Editor, R. R., News. (n.d.-a). How does Western’s COVID-19 plan stack up against Ontario universities? The Gazette • Western University’s Student Newspaper. Retrieved November 4, 2020, from https://westerngazette.ca/news/how-does-westerns-covid-19-plan-stack-up-against-ontario-universities/article_b6d1454a-e00c-11ea-8d7e-27272ae1e34e.html

Editor, R. R., News. (n.d.-b). Ontario universities announce campus shutdowns and winter term plans. The Gazette • Western University’s Student Newspaper. Retrieved November 4, 2020, from https://westerngazette.ca/news/ontario-universities-announce-campus-shutdowns-and-winter-term-plans/article_550adc04-05d2-11eb-9f7a-434d02518d8c.html

EdX_Media_Kit_-_SEPTEMBER_2020.pdf. (n.d.). Retrieved November 4, 2020, from https://assets.ctfassets.net/ii9ehdcj88bc/3MczQtEcVQOvuLyBSgWSFB/57b60cd49623572f52845f7379a82a91/edX_Media_Kit_-_SEPTEMBER_2020.pdf

EdX’s Response to Covid-19. (n.d.). EdX. Retrieved November 4, 2020, from https://www.edx.org//covid-19

Ferguson, R., & Clow, D. (2015). Examining engagement: Analysing learner subpopulations in massive open online courses (MOOCs). Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Learning Analytics And Knowledge, 51–58. https://doi.org/10.1145/2723576.2723606

Jung, Y., & Lee, J. (2018). Learning Engagement and Persistence in Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCS). Computers & Education, 122, 9–22. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2018.02.013

Lan, M., & Hew, K. F. (2020). Examining learning engagement in MOOCs: A self-determination theoretical perspective using mixed method. International Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Education, 17(1), 7. https://doi.org/10.1186/s41239-020-0179-5

Learn Climate Change with Online Courses and Lessons. (n.d.). EdX. Retrieved November 4, 2020, from https://www.edx.org/learn/climate-change

Markets, R. and. (2020, April 16). Global Online Education Market Worth $319+ Billion by 2025—North America Anticipated to Provide the Highest Revenue Generating Opportunities. GlobeNewswire Newsroom. http://www.globenewswire.com/news-release/2020/04/16/2017102/0/en/Global-Online-Education-Market-Worth-319-Billion-by-2025-North-America-Anticipated-to-Provide-the-Highest-Revenue-Generating-Opportunities.html

One UN Climate Change Learning Partnership. (n.d.). Retrieved November 4, 2020, from https://unccelearn.org/

Top Online Courses in Climate Change 2021. (n.d.). Retrieved November 4, 2020, from https://www.onlinestudies.com/Courses/Climate-Change/

Will COVID-19 Lead to Another MOOC Moment? – EdSurge News. (2020, March 25). EdSurge. https://www.edsurge.com/news/2020-03-25-will-covid-19-lead-to-another-mooc-moment


(Em)power Girls by Kerstyn Lutz & Anuj Dogra

Rapid Transition Alliance. (2020, February 24). Educating Girls is More Effective in the Climate Emergency than Many Green Technologies. Retrieved November 04, 2020, from https://www.resilience.org/stories/2020-02-24/educating-girls-is-more-effective-in-the climate-emergency-than-many-green-technologies/

Hawken, P. (2018). Women and Girls: Educating Women and Girls. In Drawdown: The most comprehensive plan ever proposed to roll back global warming (pp. 316-324). London: Penguin Books.

Selby, D. (2017, September 28). Want to Stop Climate Change? Put More Girls in School, New Study Says. Retrieved November 04, 2020, from https://www.globalcitizen.org/en/content/girls-education-emergencies-climate-change/

Kwauk, C., & Braga, A. (2017, September). To Fight Climate Change: Educate and Empower Girls. Retrieved November 04, 2020, from https://www.newsecuritybeat.org/2017/09/fight-climate-change-educate-empower-girls/

OECD (2008), Gender and Sustainable Development: Maximising the Economic, Social and Environmental Role of Women, OECD Publishing, Paris.


Reframing by Meghan Parsons


Conceptualising art education as environmental activism in preservice teacher education. Hilary Inwood and Alysse Kennedy. (2020).


Fragkoulis, Iosif, and Koutsoukos, Marios (2018), Environmental Education through Art: A Creative Teaching Approach. In: Education Quarterly Reviews, Vol.1, No.2, 83-88..




Shades of Green: Growing Environmentalism through Art Education. Hilary Inwood (2010).

Creative Approaches to Environmental Learning: two perspectives on teaching environmental art education. Hilary Inwood & Ryan Taylor. (2012).


The effect of outdoor learning activities on the development of preschool children. South African Journal of Education, 37, 2. doi: 10.15700/saje.v37n2a1378

Enlivening our sense of the world: environmental connectedness through artistic engagement. Zuzana Vasko (2014).




Promoting Conservation through the arts: outreach for hearts and minds. Conservation Education. 2007


The Future of Education? By Chris Rizzi

360 | Coral Reefs – Life Below the Surface (English). The Jetlagged – Ocean Films and Adventures https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2TPG8lcfeDc&t=64s

Rogers, S. (2019). Virtual reality: The learning aid of the 21st century. Forbes.

Craig, A. (November 9, 2020). Medical education, artificial intelligence and augmented reality. Queen’s Gazette. Retrieved from https://www.queensu.ca/gazette/stories/medical-education-artificial-intelligence-and-augmented-reality

Radianti, J., Majchrzak, T. A., Fromm, J., & Wohlgenannt, I. (2020). A systematic review of immersive virtual reality applications for higher education: Design elements, lessons learned, and research agenda. Computers & Education, 147, 103778. doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2019.103778

Lowry B. 2019. ‘Our Planet’ is visually stunning and deadly serious. Accessed November 11, 2020. Retrieved from https://www.cnn.com/2019/04/01/entertainment/nature-documentaries-our-planet/index.html

Nelson, M., Anngraini, E., Schlüter, A. (2020) Virtual reality as a tool for environmental conservation and fundraising. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7135095/#pone.0223631.ref015


Sustainability Goals: Explained by Annabelle Laurin




Can ‘Precision Fishing’ Save our Ocean Fisheries? By Gordon Feller











Alexandra completed her Masters degree in Environment and Sustainability at Western University. She also holds a Bachelor’s of Science from the University of Windsor with Honours in Environmental Studies, where she concentrated in Resource Management and was actively involved in undergraduate research. Outside of academia, she enjoys hiking, camping, and spending her summers on the beach in Prince Edward Island.